Ibadah in Islam and Ahl e Kitab: A Comparative Analysis

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Saira Razaque
Asmia Waseem


This study paper seeks to understand the ibadah notion (worship) in Islam and the way the People of the Book (Ahl e Kitab) practice it, which included Judaism and Christianity. The study is carried to discover both kinds of include close links concerning core performance of these religions as well as various points. The paper is initiated by discussion of ibadah in Islam as a service or worship by means of prayers, fasting, alms-giving, and the pilgrimage. After that it goes to what ibadah means for Judaism and Christianity. It view their scriptures and traditions. By doing this it is clear what their fundamental praises are (e.g. prayer, keeping the Sabbath, rituals). Making use of a comparative approach, the article talks about the convergence areas: the monotheism, divine submissive attitude, things like prayer or gratitude expression, supplicating or seeking forgiveness. At the same time, the research, likewise, focuses some major areas that lead them in difference, such as the different forms of prayers, restrictions in diets and the ways that have been used in interpreting the Scripture. By comparing these different types of worship in various Abrahamic religions, this research hopes to accomplish a deeper understanding of the diversity of ibadah and inspire mutual understanding among diverse communities.

Keywords: Ibadah, Islam, Ahl e Kitab, Judaism, Christianity, Abrahamic Traditions

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